FengYun Series Satellites

The Chinese meteorological satellites FengYun, or FY in acronym, take place in series. The odd number series is the polar-orbiting satellite series, the even number series the geostationary. Each satellite takes the alphabetic order according to its seat in launching sequence. For instance, the 'FY-2B' indicates the second satellite that has been launched in the FY-2 geostationary series.

Usually, the first two satellites are of experimental purpose in a series before it becomes fully operational. For smooth transition, launching of a new series satellite is arranged in time to allow for parallel operating till the new series replaces the old.

Development and implementation of FengYun Meteorological Satellite Programs is the national cause upon which converges the effort from many institutes that undertake the production of satellite and carrier rocket, launching, telemetry & control, as well as the ground application. It is by the joint effort of these institutions a complete meteorological satellite application system has been established and NSMC has become the operator of both polar-orbiting and geostationary meteorological satellites. The Fengyun satellites are becoming more and more important in protecting lives and property of people from natural disasters.

FengYun LEO Satellites

Series Name Launch Date End of Service Altitude ECT Status Instruments
FY-1 FY-1A 1988-09 1988-10 900km 11:30 asc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-1B 1990-09 1991-08 900km 16:00 desc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-1C 1999-05 2004-04 862km 15:00 desc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-1D 2002-05 2012-04 866km 17:00 desc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-3 FY-3A 2008-05 2018-03 836km 17:05 desc Inactive MERSI-I, VIRR, MWHS-I, MWRI-I, MWTS-I, IRAS, TOU, SBUS, SIM-I, ERM-I, SEM
FY-3B 2010-11 2020-05 836km 14:45 asc Inactive MERSI-I, VIRR, MWHS-I, MWRI-I, MWTS-I, IRAS, TOU, SBUS, SIM-I, ERM-I, SEM
FY-3C 2013-09 ≥2022 836km 10:15 desc Operational with degraded performance MERSI-I, VIRR, MWHS-II, MWRI-I, MWTS-II, IRAS, TOU, SBUS, SIM-I, ERM-I, GNOS-I, SEM
FY-3D 2017-11 ≥2022 836km 14:00 asc Operational MERSI-II, MWTS-II, MWHS-II, HIRAS-I, MWRI-I, GAS, WAI, IPM, GNOS-I, SEM
FY-3E 2021-07 ≥2026 831km 05:30 desc Pre-operational MERSI-LL, HIRAS-II, MWTS-III, MWHS-II, GNOS-II, WindRAD, SSIM, SIM-II, X-EUVI, Tri-IPM, SEM
FY-3F Planned 2022 ≥2027 TBD TBD Planned MERSI-III, HIRAS-II, MWTS-III, MWHS-II, MWRI-II, GNOS-II, ERM-II, SIM-II, OMS-N, OMS-L
FY-3G Planned 2022 ≥2027 TBD 407km Planned MERSI-RM, PMR, MWRI-RM, GNOS-II
FY-3H Planned 2023 ≥2028 TBD TBD Planned MERSI-III, HIRAS-II, MWTS-III, MWHS-II, MWRI-II, GNOS-II, GAS-II, WAI-II, IPM
TanSat TanSat 2016-12 2020-01 712km 13:30 asc Inactive ACGS, CAPI

FengYun GEO Satellites

Series Name Launch Date End of Service Position Status Instruments
FY-2 FY-2A 1997-06 1998-04 105°E Inactive VISSR-I, SEM
FY-2B 2000-06 2006-02 105°E Inactive VISSR-I, SEM
FY-2C 2004-10 2009-11 123.5°E Inactive VISSR-II, SEM
FY-2D 2006-12 2015-06 86.5°E Inactive VISSR-II, SEM
FY-2E 2008-12 2019-01 86.5°E Inactive VISSR-II, SEM
FY-2F 2012-01 2022-04 112.5°E Inactive VISSR-II, SEM
FY-2G 2014-12 ≥2022 99.5°E Operational VISSR-II, SEM
FY-2H 2018-06 ≥2026 79°E Operational VISSR-II, SEM
FY-4 FY-4A 2016-12 ≥2023 104.7°E Operational AGRI, GIIRS, LMI, SEP
FY-4B 2021-06 ≥2028 133°E Pre-operational AGRI, GIIRS, GHI, SEP
FY-4C Planned 2024 ≥2031 TBD Planned AGRI, GIIRS, LMI, SEP, SXEUV
More ...
Timeline of Fengyun (2018)

Launch dates of FengYun satellites.

Timeline of Fengyun (2018)

Service time spans of FengYun satellites.